terça-feira, 19 de agosto de 2008

Machado de Assis e a conduta nos elétricos


<><>Este ano é de festas não só para a Companhia Carris (135 anos da primeira viagem de bonde, 100 anos dos bondes elétricos e 35 anos da sede na Albion), mas também para a literatura brasileira. É que em 2008 comemora-se o centenário de morte de um dos escritores mais conhecidos, Machado de Assis.
<><> Famoso por seus contos inusitados e por ser um analista do ser humano, ele também fez do bonde objeto de suas reflexões, ou melhor, de suas anedotas. Nascido no Rio de Janeiro em 1839, ele conviveu cotidianamente com os veículos, tanto os de tração animal como os elétricos. Assim como ele, dezenas de poetas e escritores fizeram do bonde objeto de sua reflexão. Através de estribos e janelas os passageiros podiam perceber as mudanças nas suas cidades.
<><>Como alguém que convivia diariamente com os bondes e passageiros fluminenses, Machado resolveu divertir a muitos criando o manual de condutas para bondes. Assim dizia ele no início do código de regras:
Ocorreu-me compor umas certas regras para uso dos que freqüentam os bondes.O desenvolvimento que tem tido entre nós este meio de locomoção, essencialmente democrático, exige que ele não seja deixado ao puro capricho dos passageiros. Não posso dar aqui mais do que alguns extratos do meu trabalho; basta saber que tem nada menos de setenta artigos.
<><>Segundo este, quem estivesse com tosse só poderia tossir três vezes no período de uma hora. Quando isso não for possível, os doentes deveriam ir a pé ou ficar em casa. Quanto à posição das pernas, podiam ficar abertas, com a condição que fossem pagas duas passagens.
<><>Num momento em que os jornais ainda tinham as folhas tradicionais (grandes, como as da Folha de São Paulo), Machado colocou regras para a leitura de jornais. Nada de roçar o jornal nas pernas do vizinho! Quanto aos que gostam de contar sua vida íntima para quem acabaram de conhecer, primeiro é necessário perguntar se o ouvinte está disposto a escutar. Se esse aceitar, deve escolher entre ouvir e levar uma surra de pontapés. O manual continua com elementos mais que inusitados: quem estiver sem tomar banho não deve pegar o bonde. A esses resta vê-lo passar pela calçada ou pela janela de sua casa. O conjunto de regras termina com uma recomendação: se ao seu lado um conhecido demorar para achar o dinheiro, livre-o do constrangimento e pague a passagem por ele, pois se quisesse pagá-la teria tirado-o mais depressa.
<><> Machado, considerado o melhor escritor brasileiro, sentiu as emoções do bonde –assim como os incômodos- nas idas e vindas do veículo pela então Capital do Brasil. Ele é mais uma prova das marcas deixadas pelos carris na memória da população brasileira. Será que as regras serviriam para os nossos coletivos?

5 comentários:

Anônimo disse...

[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]
[url=http://www.supra-shoesnz.net]supra shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.chanel-newzealand.com]chanel bags[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com]outlet moncler[/url]

Anônimo disse...

Moncler Outlet a large number of The Su Hongye in Chongqing something, cannot return in,[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet[/url] wrote that all the daughter decide, so long as she said [url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet[/url] the study. the foreign flavor from the new individuals are very against [url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler coats[/url] the old pick auspicious day for marriage, advocates pick ocean life. the most unfavorable marriage Gregorian calendar in May, the Gregorian calendar in June is better marriage, but they're already engaged in June, the so extended to early September wedding. It is stated too much focus on date,Monday 23 is a great day for marriage, especially on Wednesday; 4,561 days like a bad day, as a result they pick on Wednesday smiles: must have been that guy to leave Yuen Long Cao tricks. Mei smiles: short, you hate the ecu students, pattern names up. Chosen to obtain married that Moncler Outlet Wednesday, the elements is like summer, hot interest. The way I needed, Jiao days Fortunately, today I didn't do groom. The church was air-conditioned, Ts wearing a black wool dress, too busy sweating, I believe he white collar having a ring, to obtain another yellow sweat soaked and soft. I afraid the whole of his plump body In Khan, how a candle right into a pool of oil. Miss Su is also tight ugly. fall into line in the wedding, the bride and groom smiling face, no expression of Ku Buchu, all unlike the dry wedding, but rather no, this is not on the scaffold, is a, is, like Moncler Boots a public host to pickpockets signs with punishing those hardened criminals in the face. I occur to think that I own wedding ceremony, under those a large number of Kui Kui like to be inevitable cracked pickpockets. That helped me realize the type of joyful, smiling faces of happy wedding pictures were never taken to. find! Great find! I am thinking about is to see how you like her the same day. avoided her to not see, just say a few words with Miss Tang - chien hop heavy heart that, like truck unloading the parcel the following smash gravitropic only strange Xinmei will not hear - was a bridesmaid the day, saw me and Moncler Scarf asked me to not fight, said the ceremony complete line, we sprinkle colored paper Fou new body, when, in support of I will not have hands, afraid which i go ahead and take opportunity to throw hand grenades, nitrate sulfuric acid spill. She asked me later on plans, I informed her to go Sanlv University. I think she might not want to hear your company name, and so i did not mention a thing you.

more information you can go to http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com

[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler vest[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler women[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler grenoble[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet ny[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet italia[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet uk[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler outlet zone[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler uk[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler jacke[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler shoes[/url]
[url=http://www.giubbotti-moncleroutlet.com/]moncler jacket[/url]

Anônimo disse...


[url=http://www.squidulike.com/story.php?title=obtain-this-covers-up-almost-everything-when-it-comes-to-cheap-nhl-jerseys][b]Cheap NHL Jerseys[/b][/url]
[url=http://losttigertattoos.com/site/index.php?action=profile;u=68636][b]sac longchamp pas cher[/b][/url]
[url=http://news.oneilbrooke.com/story.php?title=put-an-end-to-protesting-and-complaining-and-start-your-very-own-cheap-nhl-jerseys-project-as-a-substitute-][b]Cheap NHL Jerseys[/b][/url]
[url=http://wifa.gixx.ru/index.php/index.php?title=Proven-Strategie-That's-Encouraging-All-Cheap-NHL-Jerseys-Lovers][b]Cheap NHL Jerseys[/b][/url]
[url=http://nwn.wikia.com/index.php?title=Strange-Though-Motivational-Phrases-On-Cheap-NHL-Jerseys][b]Cheap NHL Jerseys[/b][/url]

Anônimo disse...


Our updates Recent articles:

Anônimo disse...

The organization presents 1 [url=http://cungmuagiatot.com/thoi-trang.html]mua hang gia re tphcm[/url] for every doing work working day in every single of the marketplaces it serves. The Groupon operates as an assurance settlement making use of ThePoint's platform: if a particular quantity of people sign up for the supply you, then the offer turns into offered to all if the predetermined least is not achieved, no 1 certain will get the supply that working day. This lowers risk for suppliers, who can get care of the discount discount codes as quantity discount costs as well as merchandise product sales advertising tools. Groupon tends to make income by retaining about fifty percent the cash the client pays for the coupon.

For case in point, an $80 therapeutic massage could be acquired by the customer for $forty through Groupon, and then Groupon and the retailer would split the $forty. That is, the retailer supplies a therapeutic massage valued at $eighty and will get around $20 from Groupon for it (beneath a fifty%/50% crack up). Or, if $240 well worth of residence portray vendors is obtained by the purchaser for $fifty by way of Groupon, then the business gets $20 5 and Groupon retains $twenty five. The customer gets the massage, or the residence portray support, in these illustrations, from the retailer for which they at very first compensated out $forty (or $fifty) to Groupon. There are specified companies to which Groupon initially did not provide its services, this kind of as shooting ranges and strip golfing tools nonetheless, shooting ranges have been showcased on Groupon.

As opposed to classified marketing, the service provider does not devote any upfront benefit to consider component: Groupon collects personal details from well prepared consumers and then contacts only these consumers, mainly by each day e-mail, who may possibly maybe be intrigued in a specified answer or support.

Groupon employs a huge selection of copywriters who draft descriptions for the bargains showcased by electronic mail and on the web site. Groupon's promoting textual content for the 'deals' has been observed as a contributing element to the acceptance of the internet site, showcasing a unique combine of thorough reality-inspecting and witty humor.

Owing to Groupon's market place becoming mainly composed of female consumers, the bargains are usually centered on the wellness, health and physical fitness and splendor marketplaces.

There are likely difficulties with the enterprise style. For instance, a profitable offer could briefly swamp a modest organization with way as well a lot of clients, risking a likelihood that buyers will be dissatisfied, or that there won't be enough product to fulfill the need. Gap, a large apparel retailer, was in a situation to manage 445,000 coupons in a countrywide deal (even though it knowledgeable server difficulties at a single stage), but a far more compact organization could turn out to be all of a unexpected flooded with customers. one espresso store in Portland, Oregon struggled with an improve in customers for a few months, when it presented close to to one particular,000 Groupons on the one particular working day it was presented, in accordance to one particular report. In response to related problems, Groupon officials state that 'deal' subscriptions should be capped in advance to a sensible amount.

Read More: [url=http://dulichchudu.com/mua-hang-dien-tu-o-tren-trang-web-gia-re/]mua hang gia re online[/url]